What is Bizen Pottery?? Japanese Bizen pottery is a simple but elegant and luxurious ceramic line. Therefore, this is a type of ceramic that is loved not only in Japan but also in many countries around the world. Together Store Long Phuong learn about Japan's 1000-year-old Bizen pottery in the article below!

Bizen ceramic tea set
Bizen ceramic tea set

1. History of Bizen pottery development

1.1. Definition of Bizen pottery

Bizen Pottery are one of the famous Japanese ceramic styles, they are produced in western Japan, close to Okayama region. Some products and utensils are produced by Bizen ceramics such as vases, cups and wine jars. special shape, beautiful.

Teapot made from Bizen ceramic
Teapot made from Bizen ceramic

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1.2 History of birth and development of Bizen pottery

Bizen is one of six ancient Japanese kilns from the Kamakura period (1185 - 1333), Bizen pottery named after this kiln became famous in Japan. Bizen kilns were discovered in the 5th century, 1500 years ago. During that time many gourd centers had lost the dynamism that culminated in the Momoyama era (1568-1615), but Bizen remained a thriving pottery center in Okayama Prefecture. Bizen has a dark color that comes from Bizen clay dug up from rice fields. Then processed and shaped by the potter, the products continue to be fired in NOBORIGAMA (climbing kiln) or ANAGAMA (tunnel kiln) for about two weeks.

2. Unique features of Bizen

This Japanese Bizen ceramic line has a distinctive identifying feature of slightly darkening, the ceramic has a rather rough surface layer. Therefore, when using Bizen pottery to decorate dishes, it will help us create a warmer feeling, especially in cold seasons such as autumn and winter.

Features of Bizen ceramic teapot
Features of Bizen ceramic teapot

The outstanding feature of Bizen-yaki is that it does not use any yeast. Bizen is fired at a high temperature from 1,100 to 1,200 degrees by pine wood, for a long time from 10 to 14 days continuously. After time, the temperature on Bizen turns out a deep red color, and thanks to "fire change" creates unique random patterns.   

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3. Unique Bizen pottery making technique

The beauty of Bizen pottery comes from its characteristic color, which ranges from red clay to dark brown, because the main material for making Bizen is clay. Bizen has been known as a unique ceramic throughout history due to this characteristic. In addition, Bizen pottery is unglazed and has never had any decorative motifs. In order to create Bizen during the ceramic firing process, the potter will skillfully adjust the temperature of the kiln by alternating between adding more heat and then finding ways to reduce the heat, helping the kiln. cool off.

Bizen pottery kiln
Bizen pottery kiln

This unique method of firing Bizen ceramics will give us products that change color or retain the color of clay and in Japanese they are called Higawari - change or transformation of fire. . This is a very difficult ceramic firing technique and has been gradually lost.

Therefore, lovers of Bizen ware around the world love its gentle beauty and elegant simplicity. Just as the Higawari has gradually disappeared, Bizen represents many generations of spirituality that are rapidly disappearing in the age of modern industrial technology. Bizen is pure beauty, soothing to the soul, it is displayed as a simple work of art to enjoy and look at.

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4. Some popular types of Bizen pottery

4.1. Hidasuki Bizen Bizen Pottery

The unique pattern of Bizen Hidasuki is formed by the chemical reaction of the Potassium component contained in the straw with the iron oxide component contained in the clay. Bizen Hidasuki is fired in a straw wrapper or a tool to be put into a kiln (Saya) with the fire not coming into contact with the inner ceramic surface. The ceramic parts covered with straw will form beautiful bright red streaks.

Gốm Bizen Hidasuki Bizen
Gốm Bizen Hidasuki Bizen

4.2. Sangiri Bizen Ceramics

Sangiri Biz is a ceramic color that changes from black to blue-gray on the ceramic surface. Because the circulation in the kiln is anaerobic, this part of the ceramic is discolored, so the ash is partially attached to the ceramic.

The way to call Sangiri is due to the legend that in the old days people used to use millet plates (this list is called San) to place ceramics in the kiln. Then the products placed under the millet form these patterns, so the product is called Sangiri.

Sangiri Bizen Ceramics
Sangiri Bizen Ceramics

4.3. Goma Bizen Pottery

– Goma Bizen ceramic with characteristics on the ceramic surface has very special grainy sesame seeds. This feature is due to clinging because during the burning process, the ash of pine wood sticks to create these floating sesame seeds. Ceramics are usually white, yellow or blue.

 Goma Bizen Pottery
Goma Bizen Pottery

4.4. Ao-Bizen Pottery

Ao-Bizen Ceramic products with blue-gray color characteristics. This bluish-gray color is formed because when heated in places where oxygen cannot be reached in the furnace, it will lead to a reaction that takes oxygen from the matter (reduction reaction), the product is heated in this strongly reduced state. blue-gray, the more oxygen is lacking, the lighter the blue color becomes.

Ao-bizen ceramics are very difficult to create because you don't have to want to. In addition, in the oven, there are very few places where the state can revert to occur, so this product is very rare.

Ao-Bizen Pottery
Ao-Bizen Pottery

4.5. Hai-kaburi Bizen Pottery

Hai-kaburi Bizen pottery uses a special firing method to create some very valuable and flawless works. Method of firing by burying ceramics in heated ash on the ground near the entrance of the kiln. The lower part in contact with the ground forms a natural stacked cut, and the upper part resembles the shell of an acorn, covered with spots of semi-melted ash.

Hai-kaburi Bizen Pottery
Hai-kaburi Bizen Pottery

5. Detailed video about Japanese bizen ceramics

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6. Notes when using Bizen ceramic utensils

Although bizen ceramic is fired in the kiln for a long time, when using bizen ceramic, it is necessary to note a number of issues as follows:

  • Do not use bizen ceramic utensils to cook directly over an open flame.
  • Limit use in microwaves and ovens.
  • Do not store in the freezer.

Through the above article, you already know What is bizen ceramic?? Besides, also know the birth history and techniques of making Japanese bizen ceramics. If you have any questions regarding ceramics. Get in touch now Store Long Phuong để được tư vấn tận tình

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