Vietnamese ceramics through the ages stretching from BC to present carrying many historical and traditional values ​​of the Vietnamese ceramic village. Long Phuong Porcelain will help readers understand more about the historical journey of Vietnamese ceramics through the periods.

Vietnamese ceramics through the ages
Vietnamese ceramics through the ages

1. Historical journey of development of Vietnamese ceramics

Journeys history of Vietnamese ceramics It has spent hundreds of years building, preserving, preserving and developing along with the development of the country. Starting with Vietnamese ceramics from the first 10th century AD. More than 6,000 - 7,000 years ago, new techniques in making ceramics emerged. Vietnamese ceramic industry with the level and traditional experience available, has quickly absorbed, mastered and developed to create distinct nuances, becoming one of the few countries with early glaze pottery production and continuous development.

Ceramics appeared in many regions of the country, experiencing many ups and downs, Vietnamese ceramics has at times thrived, but also faced great difficulties. There are many craft villages that still exist and develop to this day, but conversely, there are also craft villages that gradually fade away and disappear from the map of Vietnamese ceramics.

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2. The stages of Vietnamese ceramics through the ages

2.1. Early Vietnamese ceramics

2.1.1 Stone Age

Terracotta pottery materials of this period are often coarse mixed with sand or animal residues. Most ceramics are molded by hand, the pieces of pottery found often have simple patterns on the outside such as diagonal lines, waves, comb teeth... These patterns are created when the pottery is still wet, some are made by hand. created by stamping tables, or using sharp sticks to draw and draw. The main products of this period were containers and cooking utensils, at the end we saw more utensils for eating and drinking, jewelry, but practicality was the leading element of ceramics of that time.

2.1.2 Bronze Age

Pictures of Bronze Age ceramics
Pictures of Bronze Age ceramics

After a rather long period of formation, terracotta pottery entered a period of brilliant development, the first development step in the history of Vietnamese ceramics. Most of the civil ceramic products are shaped by a turntable quite boldly, creating a rich variety of product types and designs: in addition to pots and pans used for cooking, jars, vases, etc. pots, products for storage, bowls, plates, cups and trays used for eating and drinking; earrings, necklaces, ceramic bracelets, jewelry, statues of chickens, cows, fine art ceramics.

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2.1.3 Iron Age

This period is the production period of terracotta pottery. The material of terracotta pottery is still young and primitive, compared to the terracotta pottery being produced today, but in terms of shape and decoration, there is no period as special and rich as. Therefore, when it comes to terracotta pottery, it is still typical of the Hung Kings' era (early bronze-iron era).

2.2 Vietnamese ceramics from the 2nd century BC

A ceramic bowl from the early 2nd century BC
A ceramic bowl from the early 2nd century BC

From the beginning of the second century BC, our country fell under the domination of the Northern feudalism. Due to colonization, the development of ceramics was greatly influenced by Chinese culture. The product with a variety of shapes and decorative patterns that have changed more, still preserving and developing the traditional art capital from the previous era. Simultaneously absorbing and nationalizing factors borrowed from the outside.

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2.3 Independence period from the 11th to the 14th century

From the 10th century, Vietnam entered the period of building independent national feudal states. Profession pottery making has a strong development, plays an important role in economic and cultural recovery and development, forming its own identity, rich types, diversified decoration, and unique in fine arts. 

Ly-Tran pottery can be divided into three large groups: household ceramics, decorative ceramic and architectural ceramics.

Regarding the shaping of household ceramics, many products have been inherited and enhanced, the products are shaped on the basis of real life patterns such as fruit, the shape of antique bronze.

In terms of decoration, Ly - Tran pottery has a new turning point. The main motifs are flowers, leaves, birds, elephants, tigers, people with simple, rustic descriptions, close to nature and Vietnamese people.

Ceramics of the Ly Tran Dynasty
Ceramics of the Ly Tran Dynasty

Especially in this period, there has been a great progress in baking technique, the craftsmen know how to use toads, lying kilns, dragon kilns to raise the product firing temperature from 1200 degrees Celsius to 1280 degrees Celsius.

The period of Vietnamese ceramics through these periods develops independently, explores the decorative themes imbued with indigenous Vietnamese characteristics, creating one of the most brilliant historical pages of the tradition. The products with popular types are: lotus, teapot, lotus, sk, plate bowls…. production for daily life and consumption from royal to folk. In particular, this period formed and developed the lines ceramic glaze rich and diverse such as: white glazed ceramics, celadon ceramics, green glazed ceramics, brown glazed ceramics, brown flower ceramics and at the end of the 14th century, blue flower ceramics appeared.

2.4 Vietnamese ceramics from the 14th century

In the period after the fourteenth century, Vietnamese Pottery knew how to grasp the trade relations between many countries in the world, which had a great impact on handicraft activities, including pottery. First of all, the formation of specialized ceramic production centers: Thang Long, Tho Ha (Ha Bac), Phu Lang (Ha Bac), Huong Cang (Vinh Phuc), ...

Porcelain vase after the 14th century
Porcelain vase after the 14th century

Pottery became an important export item, produced in many types with high technical level with the main types being daily-life utensils, worship items (bowls, plates, yin, ang, incense boxes, etc.) art statues, lampstands...), typical enamel lines are blue-green, multi-colored, gray-blue flowers, with decorative themes mainly dragons, phoenixes, clouds, Nghe...

2.5 Vietnamese ceramics from the 20th century to the present

Up to now, Vietnamese ceramics has developed and inherited the quintessence of the past many times: manual kilns have been replaced by modern gas kilns, ensuring mass production. Products are diverse in design, beautiful, rich and outstanding.

It can be said that the history of formation and development of Vietnamese ceramic culture has undergone many ups and downs and events. However, with the enthusiasm and talented and skillful hands of artisans with enthusiasm for ceramic products, Vietnamese ceramic products have not only developed in the country but also quickly reached out. Vietnamese territory and is popular with international friends and consumers.

3. Long Phuong- A reliable household ceramics address

Developing from the cradle of Hebei ceramics, Long Phuong Group Joint Stock Company has a history of more than 20 years of development in the ceramic profession. Highly skilled artisans, products with diverse designs and eye-catching patterns meet market needs. Production technology is changed, learned from developed countries, Long Phuong proud to be a reliable ceramic address chosen by millions of consumers.

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Long Phuong Porcelain Company

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CEO of Long Phuong Group Joint Stock Company, with more than 20 years of exploration and research to obtain the best formulas and professional experience, Long Phuong Porcelain has produced more than 400 designs of all kinds of household porcelain, Significant contributions to Vietnam's ceramic industry.

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