With more than 20 years of experience in the field of ceramic making of Long Phuong so far the most favorite saying about ceramics is still “First bone, second skin, third burning furnace”. Therefore, enamel color, shaping techniques, drawing strokes must be done by the artists themselves. Let's Store Long Phuong learn more about the techniques painting ceramics .

Kỹ thuật vẽ trên gốm sứ
The technique of painting on ceramics requires ingenuity and sophistication

1.   Ceramic painting techniques you may not know

1.1. The technique of painting on ceramics

This is a method of liquefying clay particles in water, used to give color to pottery before firing. Usually we will use white coats or colored coats dyed with oxide

Advantages when applying this technique and method:

  • Optimize and better limit errors to repair and eliminate
  • The coating layer of the method is suitable for the shrinkage of the clay, this will help the worker to worry less about the heavier sticky and embossed objects that will be peeled off during the drying or firing process of the product.
  • Because the layers of water in the finishing process will fade, you can use more color by applying a base glaze to increase the vibrancy and aesthetics of the product.
Kỹ thuật nước áo vẽ trên gốm sứ
Water technique on ceramics

Uniqueness in each pattern embossed on ceramics

1.2. Ceramic oxide staining technique

Oxide dyeing powder is an important or rather indispensable material in the industry of unburnt bricks, tiles and ceramics.

Iron oxides include FeO, Fe2O3, Fe3O4. Each substance has its own characteristics and properties, so it has different applications. They are used as fluxes and colorants for enamels.

Iron oxide pigments are added during the production of ceramic glazes in combination with kilns, firing temperatures, etc., and accompanied by a number of other metals that give their respective colors. The basic color palette of iron oxide pigments is black, sepia, red, orange oxide, in addition to blue, green... And these colors when combined together change more color forms. another, enriching the palette of suitable porcelain.

Bột màu nhuộm oxit dùng để vẽ trên gốm sứ
Oxide dye powder

1.3. Glazing technique

In order to get the original colors as designed or similar to watercolors on ceramics, it is necessary to ensure that the glaze base is thin enough and that there is enough colorant to minimize the problem of fading.

The color of enamel used in ceramics is very diverse, usually using colors from basic natural ores taken from oxides such as copper oxide, cobalt, manganese, iron... Each color type has its own advantages and disadvantages. . Refined colors are very stable through fire, but not a variety of easy-to-repeat colors that are difficult to transform. In contrast, natural colors have different densities, which are easy to change through fire, so the colors are more diverse, more beautiful, but also damaged.

The glaze is smooth when painted on ceramics
The glaze is smooth when painted on ceramics

Artistic features in Flammable Glaze Ceramic

1.4. Hand-painted ceramic technique

Hand-painted ceramics are ceramics that are painted by skilled craftsmen or artisans around the ceramic surface. Because the whole process is done by hand, the textures are often inconsistent in terms of lines and patterns. Each product will be a unique and unique being. This is a unique feature that only hand-painted ceramics have.

The color of these hand-painted ceramics is usually pale and not very colorful. If there are many colors, the product will have a very high value. The advantage of this drawing is that it helps ceramic products to last a long time. Can be used for collecting because of its high durability.

Vẽ trên gốm sứ được phác họa thủ công
Ceramics are hand painted by artists

Crafting gold on ceramics how special that makes many people fall in love

1.5. Technique of using colors to paint on ceramics

Paints on ceramics are of two main types: underglaze and overglaze. The color under the glaze is to paint the object and then cover it with glaze. The color on the glaze is rich, all kinds of blue, red, purple, yellow ... but not as deep as the color under the glaze. Enameled woodwork is cooked with high fire. After that, paint or print the color on, and fire it a second time with low fire, to ensure that the color is semi-tight on the glaze.

Màu vẽ trên gốm sứ đặc sắc, độc đáo
Distinctive, unique paint

In addition, to increase the diversity of products, artisans often choose a variety of popular paints to replace common colors to increase aesthetics and eye-catching products. In which, Acrylic or nail polish line is most commonly used.

However, it is necessary to pay attention to the paints that do not belong to the special line on ceramics like this, which will make the product easily damaged, peeled and discolored over time, especially when it is soaked in water.

Màu vẽ trên gốm sứ bóng mịn
The product color becomes smooth and aesthetically pleasing

Carved and engraved

Carving and engraving are the first and earliest ceramic making techniques in history. During the Stone Age, when the Chinese knew how to create black ceramics with deep engravings on the glaze that penetrated into the cavity and inner layer of the vase. To create these engravings, they used bamboo chisels sharpened, because at that time there were no steel knives to chisel iron.

Kỹ thuật vẽ trên gốm sứ: chạm và khắc cẩn
Careful carving and engraving techniques

1.7. Hidden drawing technique

The technique of hidden painting means "hidden, concealed" decoration in the common sense. This technique is usually applied on white fetal bones before coating with a transparent colorless glaze. The patterns are often lines or imprinted, and sometimes quite special are patterns drawn with a brush on a pad. True to its name, these patterns are often difficult to see. The technique of hidden drawing became especially popular in the Ming Dynasty and continued to be popular in the Qing Dynasty.

Kỹ thuật ám họa dùng để vẽ trên gốm sứ
Hidden painting technique on ceramic

1.8. Painting enamel

Enamel paint is also a type of art used a lot in interior and exterior decoration of palaces in Hue.

The enamel paint is made in a compartmentalized style, crafted by using thin copper threads to form patterns attached to the copper core. Then, fill the inside and outside of the decorative boxes with multi-colored enamel paint and put them in the kiln until the outside of the product is covered with enamel of the appropriate thickness. Finally, they smoothed and gilded (if any) the copper threads.

Kỹ thuật đồ pháp lang vẽ trên gốm sứ
Enamel painting technique

Embossed carving

Embossing is a technique that uses preformed shapes to emboss on the surface of ceramic products and then weld them to seal the mouth or use the nose to touch iteeps directly into the product and then bake it. In the time of kings, this technique was used to make things such as handles, faucets, knobs on lids, pots, etc.

Kỹ thuật chạm khắc nổi vẽ trên gốm sứ
Technique of embossed carving

2. Close-up video of painting on ceramics

Instructions on painting techniques on ceramics

3.   Conclusion

Above are the methods Painting on ceramics and some paint colors and hand painting techniques on ceramics Long Phuong want to share with you. Hope this article will equip you with more useful knowledge about ceramics.

In addition, if you are interested in products and household items made from high-class porcelain, please come to Long Phuong. We with more than 20 years of operation and development in the field of ceramics are confident to bring you the best quality products and services that make you satisfied.

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Contact Info:

Long Phuong Group Joint Stock Company

Website: https://store.longphuong.vn/ or https://longphuong.vn/

Hotline: (+84) 989 595 866

Address: Hap Linh Industrial Complex, Bac Ninh City

Email: info@longphuong.vn

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CEO of Long Phuong Group Joint Stock Company, with more than 20 years of exploration and research to obtain the best formulas and professional experience, Long Phuong Porcelain has produced more than 400 designs of all kinds of household porcelain, Significant contributions to Vietnam's ceramic industry.

0989 595 866